Surgery to correct cataracts is often done one eye at a time. The main reason for having surgery is to repair damage and improve visual function. Cataract surgery is recommended if there is a reasonable likelihood of improved vision. Cataract removal may be needed if there is evidence of any lens disease. This includes any diabetic patient who is at risk for losing their eyesight.
Cataract surgery is normally done in both eyes to restore normal vision. Most eye surgeons will not conduct cataract surgery on both eyes during one procedure. The timing between these two surgeries may impact the results of the operation. Most patients will want to have surgery in both eyes to get the best results.
Improved binocular vision is the goal to any dual cataract surgery. Patients who have surgery in both eyes have significant improvement in vision. They improved their vision enough to pass the compulsory vision test to receive a drivers license. The success rate of cataract surgery is over 98 percent.
Cataracts appear as a clouding of the lens and affects vision as a person ages. Surgery is performed to give the aging patient better vision. Cataract surgery is done as an outpatient surgery and you do not have to remain in the hospital. Normally a surgeon will not do both eyes at the same time. High frequency sound waves are used to break the lens into small pieces that is suctioned out of the eye through a small incision.
There are many other ways to remove the lens and remove the cataract; this one is the most common way. Once the lens has been removed it is replaced with a man-made lens called Ã¢â‚¬Å“intraocular lens.Ã¢â‚¬Â The entire procedure is called Ã¢â‚¬Å“intraocular lens implantation.Ã¢â‚¬Â The manufactured lens is chosen to fit your eye and will help restore your vision to normal. Normally a new prescription for glasses is needed after cataract surgery.
The timing of the second surgery will depend on how much function the other eye still has, the preference of the patient, and the improvement in the first eye. The patient is free to have the second surgery according to a work or vacation schedule. Most second surgeries are done after the success of the first surgery can be determined.
The patient and the doctor will look at the risks or any complications that may have occurred after the first surgery and make any adjustments necessary. One other detail that needs to be addressed is how the patient gets to and from the doctors office.
Patients who have received cataract surgery in both eyes report a big improvement in their visual function. Before having the second surgery, the first eye needs to be stable and show a significant improvement in the first eye. If there were any other postoperative complications, the patient and the doctor need to evaluate what should be done differently to avoid those same complications.
Cataracts are part of aging, but some younger patients may experience this problem.