The Colon , also known as the Large Intestine or Bowel, is a key part of the excretory system, and is responsible for helping to process and eliminate waste material and bacteria from the body.
When digested food passes through the colon, the colon absorbs water and mineral salts (such as sodium) from the material which helps the body to maintain correct fluid and electrolyte levels and avoid dehydration.
The colon is approximately 5 feet long and 2Ã‚Â½ inches in diameter, and is a large part of the digestive tract that connects the Small Intestine to the Rectum.
Segments of the Colon
There are four main segments of the colon, three of which are named according to their orientation in the human body, as follows:
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Ascending Colon,
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Transverse Colon,
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Descending Colon,
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Sigmoid Colon,
In a normal, healthy colon, billions of “good” bacteria inhabit the colon and help it to function properly. However, a number of factors, including: