Most people can identify Lazy Eye when they see it in someone, but how many know anything about the condition? Lazy Eye, another name for the eye condition amblyopia, occurs mainly in children. It essentially results when one eye has more superior vision than the other eye.
When you see lazy eye in an adult, it is probably the consequence of childhood amblyopia that was untreated.
If not treated, vision will not continue to develop correctly in the lazy eye, the brain will start to disregard input from the eye with the poorer vision, with the outcome that the eye become even worse. Ultimately the bad eye may lose its vision completely.
Origins Of Lazy Eye
There is no way of avoiding a child getting Lazy Eye; this is a condition children are born with usually. Although it is perfectly normal for eyes to have slight differences in vision and focus, people with Lazy Eye have a more radical dissimilarity between their two eyes. Left uncorrected, the characteristic turning of the eye occurs due to the incorrect eye alignment.
Amblyopia may also occur because of strabismus. Strabismus is defined as ocular misalignment, a condition where it is hard to focus on one object with both eyes. Less commonly, there are cases where the child cannot see well from one eye due to a blockage from a cataract or blood or other foreign material in the eye.
Lazy Eye Diagnosis
Immediately upon the symptoms of Lazy Eye developing, you need to take your child to see your pediatrician. The pediatrician will check to see if your childs eyes let in light all the way through, are equally strong in vision, and if they look and function in a normal fashion. If a problem is seen the pediatrician will then refer your child to an eye specialist who will perform routine eye exams to determine a diagnosis.
Lazy Eye Treatment
Eye care specialists agree that the best treatment for amblyopia is wearing a patch. Patching the good eye forces the brain to stop ignoring the bad eye. Getting a child to go along with wearing the eye patch can be problematic, and their vision will be poor initially since they will be using only their weaker eye to see. It is a prolonged process that can take years, but at the end of the day, it is very successful in correcting the problem.
The process is effective because as the patch is worn and the poor eye is used more and more, the vision in that eye will naturally improve. The eye may get back to normal and be equal with the other eye. When this happens, your eye specialist will give the all clear for your child to no longer wear the patch.
When amblyopia is less serious, the eye specialist may opt not to use a patch but recommend atropine eye drops instead. Atropine is used in the good eye, and makes it more difficult for the good eye to focus, pushing the eye with weak vision to work harder to compensate. If a blockage is found to be at the roof of the problem, often the blockage will be removed as the treatment.