Have you heard of excessive blood clotting? Most individuals have heard of those who have difficulty with clotting blood, but have not been exposed to the blood disorder that involves an excessive amount of blood clotting. This is a condition in which blood clots form too easily within the bloodstream or they do not dissolve as they are supposing to.
The function of a blood clot is to form in order to seal the break in blood vessels when a cut or break interrupts the flow of blood in the vessels. Excessive blood clotting may also be known as hypercoagulability, hypercoagulable disorders, thrombophilia, thrombotic dosorders, and thromboembolic states.
The excessive blood clotting can be due to many different causes. There can be problems with the blood, defects of the blood vessel, and other blood factors leading to excessive blood clotting. Excessive blood clotting can damage organs of the body and can even lead to death.
Excessive blood clotting can be genetic in nature or an acquired condition. The excessive blood clotting can be acquired if a disease, triggers the clotting, or by smoking, or by being overweight or obese, and also may be due to treatments done in hospitals. Genetic means that there is an abnormal gene passed on through the biological parents that predisposes the individual to the disorder.
Excessive blood clotting can be life threatening and they can be treated. The presence of excessive blood clotting is treated like an emergency and medications are given to thin out the blood. These medications may be necessary to be taken for the rest of the individual’s life. With these medications, a person with excessive blood clotting can manage the disorder.
There are many signs or symptoms of having excessive blood clotting including chest pain, shortness of breath, upper body discomfort in the arms, back, jaw or neck. Some of the symptoms may be confused with those of a heart attack.
The individual may also experience deep pain in the leg, redness or warmth or swelling in the lower leg, headaches, speech changes, paralysis, dizziness, trouble speaking, or trouble understanding verbal communication.
The diagnosis of excessive blood clotting is made after a doctor has done a physical examination, taken a thorough medical history of the individual and family members in which the doctor is looking for a history of excessive or abnormal blood clotting before age 40, or a family history of a stroke or heart attack before age 50, blood clots during pregnancy or while on birth control pills, unexplained miscarriages, unusual blood clots in the veins, liver or kidney.
Emergency treatment of excessive blood clotting may include medication called, “thrombolytics or clot busters” and blood thinners for routine cases, called anticoagulants. Warfarin and heparin are two commonly used blood thinners. Warfarin is a pill form and Heparin is injected. The patient may also be treated with both of these medications at the same time. Short-term treatments may include antithrombin factor, and also protein C.