Oat cell lung cancer is one of the types of pulmonary neoplasms that are common in persons who have smoking habits or in persons who frequent the room full of smokers as happens with persons working in smoking permitted zones of bars. Because of the specific type of microscopic structure, this name has been fixed for this cancer.
Perhaps, oat cell lung cancer is being considered as one of the malignant type of cancer that spreads rapidly to other organs like liver, kidney, bones especially the mandible and even nasal bones in the affected patients.
Since oat cell lung cancer is of harmful in nature, the oncologist pays additional emphasis, whenever these types of microscopic structures are encountered during microscopic analysis. In fact, certain well-reputed cancer hospitals send the concerned clinical samples to the specific pathologists for the detailed cellular study and confirmation, in addition to examination under electron microscope.
The oat cell lung cancer will cause pathogenesis depending on the immunity level and however, the spread may occur often in any time and hence, more clinical cautions are given to the patients affected with this type of cancer.
The small cell lung cancer which is being called as oat cell cancer is difficult to treat fully because of the fast metastasis a process by which the cancerous cells invade and establish at the amenable sites in body and depending on the extent of spread over, the clinical symptoms occur.
Hence a well-experienced oncologist will additionally look into signs pertinent to affections in other organs also. However, because of the severity of affection in pulmonary regions, the affected patients will most of the times, exhibit signs and symptoms related to the respiratory system affection.
Cough with blood material called as hemoptysis, shortness of breathing, emaciation, fatigue, pain in the thoracic regions due to the collection of excessive pleural fluid, as diagnosed by radiographic examination etc. may be quoted as significant signs in this type of oat cell lung cancer.
Most of the times, in advanced cases of oat cell lung cancer; the gene related therapy might be sought because of the increased failures often encountered in such advanced cases of lung cancer. This kind of therapy may include the genetic manipulations since there are possibilities of specific genetic molecules that get involved in the concerned production of cancer and the further spread.
However, unless the concerned thoracic specialist has acquired the knowledge on gene manipulative practices, it will be very difficult to deal with such cases from this point of therapy. The prognosis will be always guarded because of the affected patient may sue the concerned doctor on delivery of false hopes on recovery and hence, one has to maintain a balance in delivering the prognosis without affecting the psychology of the patient and at the same time without giving chances to involve in the probable legal issues.
The therapy for oat cell lung cancer includes the multiple drug combination related chemotherapy, radiation therapy, administration of medicaments that can stimulate the immunity of the affected individual etc. However, the success of therapy using surgical remedies depends on extent of affection or metastasis. Hence, in order to prevent the occurrence of oat cell lung cancer, general precautions are always emphasized to avoid smoking or frequently moving to the smoking permitted zones etc.
Top Image: National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health. Lung cancer driven by the Kras oncogene (in purple).