Peroneal tendonitis is an inflammatory condition of the peroneal tendon. The peroneal tendon runs along the outside of the lower leg, behind the ankle under the foot. This condition is very commonly seen in runners.
Peroneal tendonitis typically occurs as a result of injury, overuse, or with aging as the tendon loses its elasticity. Overuse is the most common cause of peroneal tendonitis.
Peroneal tendonitis can be caused by a number of factors. Some of the more common factors include a rapid increase in the frequency and intensity of training, repeated training on rigid surfaces, and poor core strength.
Treating Peroneal Tendonitis
Treatment for peroneal tendonitis can take weeks or months to see significant progress. The most important part of the treatment for this condition is the need to decrease the load applied to the peroneal tendon with each step. This can be helped by wearing a heel lift and avoiding walking in bare feet.
Ice, rest, and anti-inflammatory medications are also helpful in the treatment of peroneal treatment. Underlying systemic disease like rheumatoid arthritis, gout, sclerosis, and disseminated gonococcal infections may also be a cause and should be ruled out when performing the original diagnosis.
Peroneal tendonitis can be a result of injury, overuse, or can be in relation with aging as the tendon loses elasticity. The greatest risk of peroneal tendonitis occurs in middle aged and older adults and athletes or individuals with occupations requiring repetitive motion.
Its found that many sufferers of this problem complain of pain and swelling in the prominent long bone on the outer side of the foot. Other common symptoms of peroneal tendonitis include pain and tenderness along a tendon, usually in close proximity to the ankle or foot, pain at night can be a problem, with worse pain on movement or activity.
Tenderness and swelling over the area where the tendon inserts onto the ankle or foot, and stiffness after exercise is another indicative factor.
The diagnosis of peroneal tendonitis is based on a history of repetitive motion or underlying disease and physical examination of the foot. To makes his diagnosis, the doctor evaluates the medical history and x-rays, and will also scrutinize the way in which the patient walks to observe any unusual characteristics.
The treating physician will probably give the patient medication to help control pain. Typically, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication is prescribed to help reduce any pain and inflammation.
These medications can be helpful, but often have side effects including stomach upset and bleeding problems. They should be taken with great caution by those who suffer from any type of stomach upset.
Steroid drug injections can be used in the treatment of peroneal tendonitis and help to reduce peroneal tendonitis inflammation and relieve pain. Repeated cortisone injections may weaken the tendon or cause undesirable side effects, so are usually looked on as a last resort.