There are many causes for headache and migraine pain. Usually they are common problems that nearly every adult will experience. Sometimes a headache or migraine may signal a more serious condition and a doctor should be treating the patient.
Allergy patients will sometimes have headaches as their primary symptom. You can decide if your headache is allergy related by taking note of when they occur.
What did you eat that day? What strong smells were you aware of? Strong perfumes, cigarette smoke, or other inhalant can trigger a headache. Usually if the headache is because of something inhaled there is nasal congestion involved too. Nasal congestion will cause blockages as well. Food allergies are much harder to pinpoint. You may need to keep a food diary to find out what foods are causing your headache. Common food allergies are milk and dairy products, some nuts, shellfish, eggs, pork and chocolate. Keeping a diary of what foods you eat and what time your headache comes on will help you find out the food that triggers your headaches.
Neuralgia is defined as what happens when a nerve fires abnormally. The pain is around that nerve. It can happen almost anywhere in the body but facial neuralgia is trigeminal neuralgia.
It involves the face and head, and refers to three divisions. The upper forehead, the area in the middle around the nose, and the lower part of the face that includes the mouth and chin are the three divisions.
The pain is sharp and can be caused by something as harmless as blowing your nose, brushing your teeth, chewing, or shaving. Neuralgia pain normally begins later in life and happens more often and becomes more severe. Normal examinations and x-rays do not reveal a cause and the patient are diagnosed strictly on their pain history.
Myalgia is often triggered by sudden temperature changes, a cold chill on your neck, or drafts and air-conditioning. The pain is normally found in the back of the neck and builds gradually.
Dental problems can cause severe headache pain. It will originate in the teeth especially the bottom teeth. They may be sensitive to the temperature of food, and if you have that pain you should see a dentist.
Pain in the upper teeth may be a sign of a disease in the sinuses. Upper tooth pain may signal they need pulled, but once that is done the pain is still there because the pain was originating in the sinus area.
TMJ is also a problem that can cause headaches and migraines. It is caused because the jaw hinges are not aligned and it causes extreme jaw pain. It is aggravated by chewing or yawning and often includes pain the ear.
Another symptom of TMJ is a clicking or popping noise in these joints. Most patients with TMJ have an overbite, underbite, or are missing teeth in the back of their mouth.