There are several options for treating tendonitis and which ones to use will depend on the seriousness of the tendonitis and how long you have had the condition. The options usually involve following the R.I.C.E. method, resting, medications, and surgery.
The R.I.C.E. method of treating injury such as tendonitis is to rest the injured area, ice the affected area, compress the area, and elevate the affected part. This method will help to reduce the pain experienced with tendonitis, and reduce the soreness and inflammation.
Resting the affected joint and not moving it or putting pressure on it allows the tendons to heal. Tendons are required in order for the joint to move, so when you dont rest and are moving the joint such as walking, lifting or using the wrists if they are where the tendonitis is located; will not allow the tendons to rest as they are needed in order to do these activities.
Over-the-counter analgesics can be used to help control the pain and discomfort felt with the tendonitis. Other commonly used medications in the treatment of tendonitis are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as naproxen (Aleve), topical agents such as trolamine salicylate (Aspercreme and Myoflex), Corticosteroid injections or corticosteroid solution applied directly to the affected area.
The individual can be referred to physical therapy where a therapist will teach the individual how to do strengthening exercises that are designed to strengthen the force-absorbing capability of the muscle-tendon connection.
In the cases in which tendonitis develops into a ruptured tendon, surgery is the option used to improve tendon health and repair full-thickness tendon tears in order to reduce pain and also to restore function of the tendon.
The treatment choice will be about controlling the inflammation associated with tendonitis. In order to control the inflammation a combination of the above-mentioned options may be used. The individual may be started out with using the R.I.C.E. method with a combination of medications to control the pain and inflammation.
Then after resting the area for a while the individual may be referred to the physical therapist to learn strengthening exercises. If the tendonitis does not improve or the patient does not rest the joint properly and a rupture occurs surgery would then be the best course of treatment.
The best outcome will occur when the individual recognizes the signs of injury and takes action immediately to prevent further damage by stopping the activity that is causing the pain, by using the R.I.C.E. method as soon as possible, and by contacting the doctor if home remedies do not seem to be helping as expected.
If it is necessary to contact a medical professional tests will be performed to determine the diagnosis and best treatment plan.